Orthopaedic surgery

The surgery of bones and joints has a functional aspect and a cosmetic one that I will try to illustrate with several examples.
Children who grow up with knees in "X" or "O" can not run as efficiently as those who have them straight. Unsightly legs are not very functional.
The knees can be corrected with operations that do not harm the growth and align the axes of the limbs. The result is: Legs straight, they run as well as their friends, the knee joints are not predisposed to osteoarthritis by the irregular stress.
It is therefore a preventive surgery, functional and aesthetic.

The same can be said of some congenital malformations of the hands, feet, joints and fractures poorly consolidated, and malformations of the spine.
The chapter of the feet is very broad. Bunions (and its associated deformities) are one of the most common causes of difficulty in walking, and impossibility to run for these patients.
Read again my fundamental principles. There are over twenty different feet operations for hallux valgus (bunions), which means that no two cases are alike and that there is no single operation that will solve them all. Ignore the propaganda. Consult a surgeon with the official specialty title.
Corrections of these pathologies fill the three conditions: Prevention, functionality and aesthetics.
On the use of replacement prosthesis for knee, hip, ankle and small joints of the hands in patients who need them, do not forget that they restore a more normal gait, they take away the pain and they improve the function and appearance.